Many people assume that at some point in their life–hopefully later than sooner–they will need dentures. Although that is not true because your teeth are meant to last a lifetime, many people do need dentures for various reasons. In today’s blog, your Des Moines Dentist, Dr. Stephen Burds talks about dentures.
Dentures are replacement teeth for people who have lost all or most of their teeth. The major reason for tooth loss is gum disease. Gum disease is caused by poor oral hygiene or sometimes heredity. There are other reasons for tooth loss such as tooth decay and injury. When you lose all of your teeth, or are edentulous, your facial muscles can sag changing your appearance and making you look older. Dentures are a removable appliance made of an acrylic resin base that holds teeth. The teeth can be made of resin as well. Resin teeth are strong and esthetic. They can last between five and eight years. A major benefit of denture teeth is that they are resistant to wear. They can also be made from porcelain to resemble natural teeth, particularly for the upper front denture. There are both upper dentures and lower dentures. Dentures restore your appearance, your health, your ability to chew and speak, and your smile
There are full and partial dentures. A full denture restores the teeth and the underlying bone. A fixed partial denture is the treatment of choice when there are still natural teeth adjacent to the lost teeth. The partial denture is then anchored by way of a crown to the adjacent teeth which hold it in place. A removable partial denture is to replace a few missing teeth but not all. It is placed on the gum and held by metal clasps or other supports when there are no natural teeth nearby.
Because everyone’s mouth is shaped and sized differently, each denture is custom designed to fit. Today’s methods of denture design are based on dentogenics-a standard of development for the design of teeth according to individual smile lines, mouth size and shape, skull size, age, sex, skin color, hair color, and personality.